- radial along-beam velocity: Topics by pramchansiforhu.cf
- The Radial Velocities of the Stars
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The obtained precision depends on effectivetemperature and projected rotational velocity of the star as well as ona possible asymmetry of the correlation peak generally due to secondarycomponents. New spectroscopic binaries have been detected from theseasymmetries and the variability of the measured radial velocity. Simulations of binary and triple systems have been performed. Forbinaries our results have been compared with Hipparcos binary data. Radial velocities have beendetermined for B8-F2 stars, being new.
The catalogue contains entries yielding an average detection rate of Inaddition to count rates, source detection parameters, hardness ratios,and X-ray fluxes we also list X-ray luminosities derived from Hipparcosparallaxes. Catalogue also available at CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.
We have derived the stellar ages from fivedifferent age estimators: the location in the HR diagram compared totheoretical isochrones, the rotational velocity, the strength ofchromospheric calcium emission lines, the stellar metallicity, and theirspace velocity. New calibrations consistent with recent theoreticalisochrones are provided for the last four indicators.
radial along-beam velocity: Topics by pramchansiforhu.cf
For hot stars,isochrones are the best indicator, while stellar rotation is best forcool stars. However, many stars require in fact a combination ofdifferent methods to properly bracket their actual age. We also discussthe uncertainties involved, in particular those in using isochrones, andwe find that these uncertainties are often underestimated in theliterature. Chromospheric models for late A-type stars The chromospheres of alpha Aql Altair and alpha Cep Alderamin areinvestigated.
Different semi-empirical model atmospheres areconstructed, and the predicted spectra are compared to the observationsof the hydrogen Lyman-alpha line IUE and carbon both neutral andionized multiplets GHRS-HST. Provisional referencemodels are proposed for alpha Aql. The lower emission of alpha Cep withrespect to alpha Aql is better explained by a difference of column massthan by a difference of temperature.
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For both stars, therelatively narrow dips of the C ii emission feature cannot be of stellarorigin, owing to the fast rotation, but of interstellar absorptionnature. The catalogue contains entries yielding an averagedetection rate of 32 percent. In addition to count rates, sourcedetection parameters, hardness ratios, and X-ray fluxes we also listX-ray luminosities derived from Hipparcos parallaxes. The catalogue isalso available in electronic form via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.
The determinations are based onnarrow and wide band photometric data obtained for this purpose, andtake into account previously published narrow-band measures oftemperature. Regression coefficients are given for relations between thedetermined temperatures and the photometric parameters B2-V1 , b-y and B-V , corrected for interstellar extinction through use ofHipparcos parallaxes. A correction for the effect of metallicity on thedetermination of integrated flux is proposed. The importance of aknowledge of metallicity in the representation of derived temperaturesfor Class V, IV and III stars by empirical functions is discussed andformulae given.
An estimate is given for the probable error of eachtemperature determination. These observations are part of a study of the onset ofmagnetic surface activity along the main sequence. Values for theeffective temperature, surface gravity and interstellar reddening havebeen obtained from a comparison of the observed Walraven colours withtheoretical values.
Are metallic A-F giants evolved AM stars?
The Radial Velocities of the Stars
If this hypothesis is right, Am and metallic A-FIII starsneed to have the same rate of binaries and a similar distribution ofvsin i. From our new spectroscopic data and from vsin i and radialvelocities in the literature, we show that it is not the case. Themetallic giant stars are often fast rotators with vsin i larger than kms -1 , while the maximum rotational velocity for Am stars is about kms Thesurface brightness-colour correlation is carefully calibrated using aset of high-precision angular diameters measured by moderninterferometry techniques.
The temperature scale of F-G-K dwarfs shows thesmallest random errors closely consistent with those affecting theobservational photometry alone, indicating a negligible contributionfrom the component due to the bolometric flux measurements despite thewide range in metallicity for these stars. A more detailed analysisusing a subset of selected dwarfs with large metallicity gradientsstrongly supports the actual bolometric fluxes as being practicallyunaffected by the metallicity of field stars, in contrast with recentresults claiming somewhat significant effects.
The temperature scale ofF-G-K giants is affected by random errors much larger than those ofdwarfs, indicating that most of the relevant component of the scattercomes from the bolometric flux measurements. Since the giants have smallmetallicities, only gravity effects become likely responsible for theincreased level of scatter. The empirical stellar temperatures withsmall model-dependent corrections are compared with the semiempiricaldata by the Infrared Flux Method IRFM using the large sample of comparison stars. However,there is also evidence for somewhat significant differential effects.
These include an average systematic shift of 2. The systematic effect confirms theresults from other investigations and indicates that previousdiscrepancies in applying the IRFM to A-type stars are not yet removedby using new LTE line-blanketed model atmospheres along with the updatedabsolute flux calibration, whereas the additional random component isfound to disappear in a broadband version of the IRFM using an infraredreference flux derived from wide rather than narrow band photometricdata. Table 1 and 2 are only available in the electronic form of thispaper The Angular Momentum of Main Sequence Stars and Its Relation to Stellar Activity Rotational velocities are reported for intermediate-mass main sequencestars it the field.
We analyze these rotation rates for a dependence on bothmass and age. We compare the average rotation speeds of the field starswith mean velocities for young stars in Orion, the Alpha Persei cluster,the Pleiades, and the Hyades. Less massive stars in the range betwee n1. The magnetic activity implicated in the rotational spindown ofthe Sun and of similar stars during their main sequence lifetimes mus ttherefore play only a minor role in determining the rotation rates ofthe intermediate mass stars, either because a solar-like dynamo is weakor absent, or else the geometry of the magnetic field is appreciablyless effective in removing angular momentu m from these stars.
A total of circularly and four linearly polarized spectra were recorded on 28objects 21 active stars and seven calibration standards using the newtechnique of Zeeman-Doppler imaging. To extract polarization echellespectra from raw frames, we developed a new dedicated automatic softwarepackage called ESPRIT, which utilizes optimal extraction techniques whose detailed description is given. For each recorded spectrum, weextract 'mean' polarized and unpolarized profiles using 'least-squaresdeconvolution', a technique similar to cross-correlation, which canenhance enormously the sensitivity of Zeeman-Doppler imaging, by up to7.
Magneticfield is detected unambiguously on 14 objects. Our observations provide the first directevidence of x K material in the atmospheres of normal A-typestars. At a B-V color of 0. We see no firmevidence that the Si III line surface fluxes of the A stars are anylower than those of moderately active, solar-type G and K stars. Thiscontrasts sharply with their coronal X-ray emission, which is more than times weaker than that of the later type stars.
Given the strengthof the N V emission observed here, it now appears unlikely that theX-ray faintness of A stars is due to their forming very cool, Quantitative spectral classification based on photoelectric spectrum scanner measurements of F-K stars. New criteria of quantitative spectral classification have beenintroduced and the method of stepwise linear regression to thesecriteria for quantitative spectral classification of F-K stars has beenapplied to the Bochum photoelectric spectra.
The velocity structure of the local interstellar medium probed by ultra-high-resolution spectroscopy. We present ultra-high-resolution 0. The spectral resolution is sufficient to resolve theline profiles fully, thereby enabling us to detect hitherto unresolvedvelocity components, and to obtain accurate measurements of the velocitydispersions b-values.
The spectrum of the nearby Vega-excessstar 51 Oph is of particular interest, owing to evidence that several ofthe absorption components arise in the circumstellar environment. To Survive in the Universe. News Sky. The proper motions of fundamental stars. Disappearance of stellar debris disks around main-sequence stars after million years.
Late-type stars and magnetic activity. Age determinations of main-sequence stars: combining different methods We have determined the age of a sample of nearby main-sequence starswith spectral types B9-K9. Table 1 and 2 are only available in the electronic form of thispaper.
Spectropolarimetric observations of active stars This paper reports the results of five years five runs, 23 nights ofspectropolarimetric observations of active stars with the UCL EchelleSpectrograph of the Anglo-Australian Telescope. Given the strengthof the N V emission observed here, it now appears unlikely that theX-ray faintness of A stars is due to their forming very cool,.
Quantitative spectral classification based on photoelectric spectrum scanner measurements of F-K stars. Observation and Astrometry data Constellation:. HD TYC USNO-A2 High resolution infrared IR spectrographs now available are reaching the high precision of visible instruments, with a constant improvement over time. GIANO is an infrared echelle spectrograph at the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo TNG and it is a powerful tool to provide high resolution spectra for accurate RV measurements of exoplanets and for chemical and dynamical studies of stellar or extragalactic objects.
In this paper we describe the ensemble of procedures that we have developed to measure high precision RVs on GIANO spectra acquired during the Science Verification SV run, using the telluric lines as wavelength reference. For this purpose, we constructed two suitable digital masks that include about stellar lines, and a similar number of telluric lines.
The method is applied to various targets with different spectral type, from K2V to M8 stars. Radial Velocities of 41 Kepler Eclipsing Binaries. Eclipsing binaries are vital for directly determining stellar parameters without reliance on models or scaling relations. Spectroscopically derived parameters of detached and semi-detached binaries allow us to determine component masses that can inform theories of stellar and binary evolution. We obtain radial velocities and spectroscopic orbits for five single-lined and 35 double-lined systems, and confirm one false positive eclipsing binary.
Finally, we constrain the mass of the tertiary component for five double-lined binaries with previously detected companions. We study the task of estimating the true masses of known radial-velocity RV exoplanets by means of direct astrometry on coronagraphic images to measure the apparent separation between exoplanet and host star. Initially, we assume perfect knowledge of the RV orbital parameters and that all errors are due to photon statistics. Next, we address the issue of nonzero uncertainties in RV orbital parameters by investigating their impact on the observations of 21 single-planet systems.
Except for two—GJ A b and 16 Cyg B b, which are observable only by the star-shade missions—we find that current uncertainties in orbital parameters generally prevent accurate, unbiased estimation of true planetary mass. We expect that uncertain orbital elements currently undermine all potential programs of direct imaging and spectroscopy of RV exoplanets.
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Heartbeat stars HB stars are a class of eccentric binary stars with close periastron passages. The characteristic photometric HB signal evident in their light curves is produced by a combination of tidal distortion, heating, and Doppler boosting near orbital periastron. Many HB stars continue to oscillate after periastron and along the entire orbit, indicative of the tidal excitation of oscillation modes within one or both stars.
These systems are among the most eccentric binaries known, and they constitute astrophysical laboratories for the study of tidal effects. We present our first results here, including a sample of 22 Kepler HB systems, where for 19 of them we obtained the Keplerian orbit and for 3 other systems we did not detect a statistically significant RV variability.